Thursday, March 30, 2023
Archbishop Thomas Wenski - The Archdiocese of Miami
Archbishop Thomas Wenski gave this talk during the annual Lenten morning of reflection with Pastoral Center personnel, March 30, 2023, at St. Martha Church in Miami Shores.
Adore te devote is a hymn — one of four eucharistic hymns composed by St. Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century.
I devoutly adore you,
Who are truly hidden beneath these appearances.
My whole heart submits to You,
because in contemplating You, it is fully deficient.
Sight, touch, taste
all fail in their judgment of you,
But hearing suffices firmly to believe.
I believe all that the Son of God has spoken;
There is nothing truer than this word of Truth.
The real presence of Jesus – body and blood, soul, and divinity – is hidden beneath appearances of bread and wine. Sight, touch, taste all fail us; hearing suffices to believe. For if Jesus has told us, it is so; it is so, for he can neither deceive nor be deceived.
Faith comes through hearing – not through sight, nor taste or touch.
There’s the story of a woman who brought her young child to church, and with the child in tow knelt before the Blessed Sacrament in prayer. She told the child: “See that red light next to the tabernacle. That light tells us that Jesus is present in the tabernacle – so let us pray a while to him.”
The mother lost herself in prayer and so the child pulled on her skirt and said: Mommy, when the light turns green, can we go then?
On the cross only the
divinity was hidden,
But here humanity is also hidden.
Yet believing and confessing both,
I ask for what the penitent thief asked.
I do not
see wounds as Thomas did,
But I confess that You are my God.
Make me believe much more in You,
Hope in you and love You.
We worship Jesus – because he is True God as well as being True Man. As Aquinas notes, on the cross Jesus’ divinity was hidden. His dying proved his humanity only too well. In the Eucharist, we profess our faith in Jesus – true God and true Man. We seek what the good thief sought: “Remember me in your Kingdom.” And while there are accounts of hosts bleeding, these accounts may be sometimes helpful to increase our piety, but they are not necessary for us to believe. We remember the words of Jesus to Thomas: Blessed are those who have not seen yet believe.
I remember when I was a newly ordained priest, one of my duties was First Friday calls to the homebound. (When I was ordained, extraordinary ministers of holy Communion were still in the future.) I brought holy Communion to the homebound and was constantly edified by the simple faith of God’s people. I would also celebrate Mass at a nursing home – I believe it belonged to Jackson Hospital. The altar was a table in the dining room and the nursing residents were seated – mostly in wheelchairs – around tables in the dining room. It was quite austere: no music, no beautiful liturgical appointments, no singing. I am not sure whether many of the people heard or understood my homily. I felt uncomfortable, ill at ease. Yet, when I raised the Host after consecration, one elderly lady who I had thought was half asleep with her head down on the table, when I raised up the Host, she spoke in a clear voice: Jesus, I believe, she said.
O memorial of our
Living Bread that gives life to man,
Grant my soul to live on You,
And always to savor your sweetness.
Again, when I was a newly ordained priest, a Puerto Rican family asked me to visit a loved one who was in the VA hospital. I went – and this man was a typical jibaro – guajiro in Cuban. He was dying of cancer – in an advanced stage – and so I anointed him and then asked if he wished to receive Communion. He answered, Si quieres, Padre. (If you want, Father.) I gave him Communion and before he could swallow the host, he vomited – and I quickly took a Kleenex and retrieved the host.
Now I started going to daily Mass when I was in the fourth or fifth grade. And as an altar server I would often go out before the priest to light the candles before he opened the tabernacle to retrieve hosts to make a sick call, and so I had often professed faith in the Real Presence of Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament. But as I retrieved the host from the vomit of that dying man – who I am sure received the graces of Viaticum – I thank God that he gave me this opportunity to show, if only to myself, that I did really and truly believe that hidden in this piece of tasteless bread was the “Living Bread that gives life to man.”
clean me, the unclean, with Your Blood,
One drop of which can heal
the entire world of all its sins.
Lord, Jesus, Good Pelican... You might see on some altars a pelican. The early Christians saw the pelican as an image of Christ. A mother pelican, if she did not find fish to feed her young, would pierce her side and feed the young with her own flesh and blood. Clean me, the unclean, with Your Blood. Because of the pandemic most of our churches have not yet resumed Communion under both kinds. In any case, we do receive the whole Jesus whether we receive Him under the species of bread or wine; but to receive under both species is a fuller sign of our unity with Christ, and with one another.
When I was welcomed in Orlando as coadjutor bishop in 2003, many Haitians accompanied me to Orlando, including a young man who had recently arrived from Haiti. Communion under both species would be extremely rare in Haiti. Only those of us in rich countries can afford the wine to consecrate for the entire congregation. But this young man was extremely impressed – because he saw something that we might have missed. He said that there were rich people, poor people, white people, black people, and all drank from the same cup.
We eat the Body of Christ and drink his Blood so that we might become what we have received. What unites us – or rather, Who unites us, is stronger than anything that we should allow to divide us. We often sing at Communion time this hymn: “We are one Body, the Body of Christ.”
Our participation at Mass – and our reception of holy Communion – is not something private. Holy Communion is not just about “me and Jesus.” We were baptized so that we could participate in the eucharistic banquet – and this banquet is a foretaste of the Eternal banquet of Heaven when God will seat us at table with himself. But we receive Communion so that becoming whom we receive we go out into the world to witness to the Gospel by sharing with the world what we have received. Having received the Body of Christ, we are the Body of Christ, the Christ who brought sight to the blind, who made the lame walk and who fed the hungry thousands.
In the Eucharist, Jesus knocks at the door of our hearts and asks to come in. Receiving our Lord in holy Communion is, in fact, the privileged encounter with our Risen Lord. Like the Disciples of Emmaus who encountered him as they left Jerusalem sad and discouraged and who only recognized the Lord in the “breaking of the bread,” so too our encounter with the living Christ is intensified and deepened in the holy Eucharist.
Before such a great Mystery, words can fail. But we can affirm that:
- The Eucharist awakens the hope of eternal life in those tempted to despair.
- The Eucharist opens to sharing those tempted to close their hands.
- The Eucharist highlights reconciliation rather than division.
- The Eucharist puts life – in all its stages from conception till natural death – and human dignity as the center of one’s faith commitment.
- In a society dominated by a culture of death in which search for individual comfort, money or power only intensifies, the Eucharist reminds us of the rights of the poor and the duty of justice and solidarity.
- The Eucharist awakens the Christian community to the immense gift of the new covenant that calls all humanity to go beyond itself.
God once fed the Hebrews who wandered in the desert in search of the Promised Land with manna. God continues to feed his people with the holy Eucharist, food to strengthen us on our pilgrim journey through this “vale of tears.”
The Eucharist reminds us that our commitment as Catholics to work for peace and justice in the world is not born of some ideology or political platform; rather, it is born of a person, Jesus Christ. And therefore, our “solidarity” with the world of pain (and I like to remind people that here in South Florida, we are surrounded by islands of pain: Haiti, Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela), our solidarity is a call to a commitment expressed in allegiance not to lofty propositions but to concrete persons in whom we are to see the face of Christ. This solidarity is lived out through the practice of what the Catechism calls the corporal and spiritual works of mercy. God takes the side of the poor, the oppressed, the marginalized — through the works of mercy, we take their side too.
The Mass is ended. Ita Missa est. But perhaps a better translation would be, go, it is the sending. Nourished by the Eucharist and instructed by the Word of God, we are sent to heal the broken hearted, to set captives free. The Eucharist, holy Communion, the Blessed Sacrament commits us to service.
And so, the last verse of Aquinas’s hymn:
Jesus, whom now I see
I ask You to fulfill what I so desire:
That the sight of Your Face being unveiled
I may have the happiness of seeing Your glory. Amen.