Sunday, January 16, 2022
Jim Davis - Florida Catholic
Photography: JIM DAVIS | FC
MIAMI | St. John Bosco merged kindness, creativity and determination to lift boys out of hunger, poverty and ignorance. The 19th century priest drew them with magic shows, then preached the Gospel and said Mass for them. And his Society of St. Francis de Sales – better known as the Salesians – continues to do so in many lands.
Born in 1815 in Becchi, northern Italy, Giovanni Melchiorre Bosco lost his father at the age of 2. His mother raised him and his two older brothers.
John proved both devout and hard working, attending church and raising sheep for the family. He also learned from his mother’s example in sharing with the homeless who sometimes came for food, clothing or shelter.
As a preteen, he had a dream or vision in which a voice said: “Not with blows, but with charity and gentleness must you draw these friends to the path of virtue.”
Soon after, John saw a troupe of circus performers and was fascinated by their magic shows. He learned their tricks, then began performing for his friends. He followed each show by reciting the homily he'd heard that day, then leading a prayer. He sensed a calling to ordination.
John borrowed books from a friendly priest, then left home at 12 to become a hired farmworker. After two years, he met Joseph Cafasso, who encouraged him and later supported his street work. Cafasso himself became a priest, then was named a saint.
John entered the seminary at Cheri and was ordained in 1841. His first assignment was Turin, where he was shaken to see boys as young as 12 working in factories and languishing in prisons.
Building on his talents, he performed street magic, then preached. He also spent much time finding work and lodging for boys who needed it. In less than five years, his youthful congregation numbered 400.
Don Bosco, as he became known, negotiated agreements for apprentices, who were often beaten and not allowed feast days off. He often took the boys on Sunday walks around the countryside, including games, a meal, Mass and catechism. And realizing the attraction of music, he obtained old musical instruments and formed a band.
As the ministry began drawing workers, Don Bosco in 1859 organized the Society of St. Francis de Sales, named for a 17th century bishop noted for his zeal and kindness.
Don Bosco’s work gained valuable female allies, too. One was his mother, dubbed Mama Margaret by the youths she fed at the shelter. Another was Mary Mazzarello, who founded a female version of the Salesians: the Daughters of Our Lady Help of Christians. She was named a saint herself for her work.
Their efforts grew into a chapel, a grammar school, a playground, and a vocational school for jobs cobbling and carpentry. Don Bosco later founded a church with donations, dedicating it to Our Lady, Help of Christians.
He developed what he called the “Preventive System” of education, based not on punishment but reason, religion and personal relationships. His simple spirituality blended work, play, virtue, devotion and encouragement.
“Don Bosco often told his young people that being a saint was easy,” according to a biography. “His holiness was attractive because it was rooted in charity and exceptional purity that drew people to him.”
The Don worked obsessively, not only with Salesian matters but in writing: asking for donations, comforting those who asked for his prayers, writing monthly pamphlets on faith and morals, writing books on math, literature and Church history. He also accepted frequent requests as a guest preacher.
By his death in 1888, Salesians were serving in England, France, Spain and around South America. Today, they work in more than 130 countries, at prisons, hospitals, asylums, schools for children, printing presses, vocational schools for adults, and other fields.
St. John Bosco was canonized in 1934. He is the patron of boys, apprentices, editors, publishers, educators, schoolchildren – and, of course, magicians. St. John Paul II also declared him the Father and Teacher of Youth. His feast day is Jan. 31.
He might well have been pleased to see his namesake church in Miami. Sitting in East Little Havana, St. John Bosco Church was founded in 1962 to serve refugees from Castro’s Cuba. Over the decades, the church has also embraced those fleeing turmoil in Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador and elsewhere in Central and South America.
At first, the church worshiped along with a priest from Spain, meeting in a garage. The following year, then-Bishop Coleman F. Carroll appointed as pastor a fellow refugee: Father Emilio Vallina, one of dozens of priests expelled by Castro. He served at St. John Bosco 43 years, retiring in 2006 and passing away in 2013.
Under Msgr. Vallina, the congregation worshiped at the Tivoli Cinema, then a vacant car dealership at Flagler Street and 13th Avenue. Volunteers cleaned away oil and sawdust, and by 1965, the church was ready for worship.
The new parish opened a free clinic for poor and undocumented immigrants. The St. John Bosco Clinic has since moved to the grounds of Corpus Christi Church, also in Miami.
Msgr. Vallina also opened an after-school program for children of local parents. The Leadership Learning Center still serves the neighborhood.
In 1986, the monsignor began a fund drive for a new church, which was dedicated in 2001. Over the chancel is a mural, “Christ of the Immigrants,” showing a dark, curly-haired Jesus opening his arms in welcome. Clerestory windows depict the seals of nations where parishioners were born, plus emblems of groups such as the Knights of Columbus.
Parishioners have held programs such as day-long retreats and an “Evangelization through Liturgy” outreach. They take part also in a prayer group, a Cursillo group, visits to the sick, and Emmaus groups for men and women alike.
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